Lesson 4B: Date

Two things first :

  1. You don't automatically capitalize days of the week or months of the year in French like we do in English. (You can if it's a heading or at the beginning of a sentence.)
  2. The first column in a French calendar will be Monday, not Sunday, like on our American calendar. The week starts with Monday, and ends with Sunday. (Think about why that might make sense.) This is not the case in Canada. Their calendar starts on Sunday, like ours does.

Les Jours de la Semaine(The Days of the Week)

  • lundi (Monday)
  • mardi (Tuesday)
  • mercredi (Wednesday)
  • jeudi (Thursday)
  • vendredi (Friday)
  • samedi (Saturday)
  • dimanche (Sunday)

Les Mois de l'Année (The Months of the Year)

  • janvier (January)
  • février (February)
  • mars (March)
  • avril (April)
  • mai (May)
  • juin (June)
  • juillet (July)
  • août (August)
  • septembre (September)
  • octobre (October)
  • novembre (November)
  • décembre (December)

How To Form the Date in French (It's not like English!! Blame the inventor of French, not Mrs. Koss!):

day of the week + le + number in French + month (Think: the twentieth of November)

For Example:

  • Tuesday, November 3 = mardi, le trois novembre
  • Saturday, July 26 = samedi, le vingt-six juillet
  • Friday, January 14 = vendredi, le quatorze janvier

Exception: The First of Each Month:

For the first of each month, use the word premier instead of the word un.

For Example:

  • April 1 = le premier avril
  • August 1 = le premier août

Now for the questions:

  • Quelle est la date aujourd'hui? (What is the date today?)
  • To answer: Aujourd'hui c'est lundi, le vingt novembre. (Today is Monday, November 20.)
  • Quel jour est-ce? (What day is it today?)
  • To answer: C'est lundi. (Today is Monday.)
  • C'est quand, ton anniversaire? (When is your birthday?)
  • To answer: C'est le quatorze juin. (It is June 14th.)